5G considerations:

Today’s network provides one predominant service: all-purpose IP connectivity. End users establish value-added services – Internet searches, Skype meetings, movie downloads etc. – over pre-provisioned and long-duration IP connections, without involving the network operator. These connections are either best-effort Broadband, or VPNs, featuring SLAs for bandwidth and availability.

The key technological components of a 5G network are:

1. New Spectrum
2. Beamforming
3. Slicing and ultra-reliable and low-latency design
4. Dual connectivity and 5G/LTE coexisting
5. Edge computing in RF technology

Optical Network solutions are needed to enhance the 5G experience and to enjoy a successful transition to the new technology

- Low latency and scalable fronthaul solutions for 4G and 5G
- Increased network performance and scale for backhaul, metro aggregation and core network
- Performance in interconnecting Cloud data and 5G infrastructure and IoT
- Automation for 5G implementation in Optical networks
- Enhance and prevent data Security
- 5G has the potential to change this picture dramatically. By definition, 5G technology supports three major service classes:

1. Enhanced high-speed mobile and fixed broadband – expand and optimize network capacity
2. Ultra-reliable and low latency communications (IP layer changes), and
3. Massive machine-type communications

Combinations of these are possible, as well as the ability to set up short-duration connections dynamically. All these will target:

- Smart Home/Buildings
- Voice quality
- Data Transfer speed
- Television experience
- Virtual reality apps
- Automation
- Self-driving cars
- Better Internet coverage via ‘Small Cell/DAS’, etc

All the above applications could be accomplished through Network ‘Slicing’ exclusively at the IP level. This evolved from the RAN Sharing concept and is based on slicing out dedicated parts of the entire network to fit different business needs or applications.