Industrial Automation IoT
5G networks will require automation that can support multi-domain and multi-vendor technologies as services, such as Network Slicing. The automation will traverse across multiple network segments such as radio, access, core, and edge which may contain a mix of virtual and physical network functions, in addition to programmable and non-programmable technologies.
5G Alliance for Connected Industry and Automation is unique and ensures the Information and Communication Technology needs for industrial automation and implicitly 5G technology development, addresses industrial requirements.
Automation and Robotics are closely related to the ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution’ (Industry 4.0), as well as the ‘Industrial Internet of Things’ (IIoT)
5G will be the ‘agent’ for promoting wireless deterministic and time-sensitive communication. This is essential for industrial automation, as it can enable the creation of real-time interactive systems, and also for the integration with TSN.
TSN (Time Sensitive Network) is becoming the standard Ethernet-based technology for converged networks TSN’s toolbox enables deployment in industrial automation comprises Traffic Shaping, Resource Management, Time Synchronization, and Reliability Fundamentally, 5G and TSN include the key technology components required for combined deployment in industrial automation and high availability.
Public and Private Networks will work in seamless integration with dedicated, enhanced security of the automation systems the 5G Alliance for Connected Industries and Automation (5G-ACIA) was established to define and oversee 5G for the industrial domain.
There 5 areas of application for automation in manufacturing:
1. Factory automation (PLC, Robotics, massive wireless sensor network, etc.)
2. Process automation (sensors that measure process parameters such as pressure-temperature, valves, heater, etc.) operating to central/local controllers
3. Human-machine interfaces (HMIs) – examples are M&C panels, laptops, smartphones, virtual reality systems, etc.
4. Logistics and warehousing (warehouse cranes, forklifts, automated storage systems, or logistics tracking and monitoring systems)
5. Monitoring and predictive maintenance for assets/processes, sensor data-based, remote-controlled
The Telecom Management group of 3GPP is responsible for specifying the network functional management architecture and related interfaces.
3GPP Group considers among others, RAN and Core Network under Fault, Configuration, Lifecycle, Accounting, Performance, and Security Management. SON (Self Organizing Network specifications are also studied by the Group.